Linux and Windows Virtual Machines

On this page, you can find an explanation of how to create and manage Linux and Windows Virtual Machine in the Cloud Console.

Table of contents

  1. Virtual Machines Page
  2. Create Linux Virtual Machine
  3. Create Windows Virtual Machine
  4. Download RDP File
  5. Edit a Virtual Machine
  6. Resize a Virtual Machine
  7. Delete a Virtual Machine
  8. Virtual Machine details page

Virtual Machines page

To get to the Virtual Machines page on the Homepage you need to select the Virtual Machines from the VIRTUAL DATACENTER block.

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On this page you can find all created Virtual Machines with their Headers, Create button, Search bar, and Actions icon which opens a list of available management actions for the selected VM:

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Virtual Machine headers include:

  • Name: Shows the name of the Virtual Machine;
  • Status: Shows the Virtual Machine state;
  • IP: Shows the public IP of the Virtual Machine and its Networks;
  • Key pair: Shows selected SSH Keypair, which you will use to connect to the VM;
  • Total vCPUs: Shows total number of vCPUs in the VM;
  • Total memory: Shows memory amount in the VM;

Actions icon opens the next list of available management actions:

  • Download RDP file - by selecting this option you can download RDP file for the remote connection to the Windows VMs; 
  • Edit - by selecting this option you can change the VM name;
  • Resize - by selecting this option you can change the Flavor for the VM;
  • Delete - this option is for VM removing.

So, from this page you can:

  • review all  created Virtual Machines;
  • create more Virtual Machines;
  • edit Virtual Machines (change name);
  • resize the Virtual Machines (change Flavor);
  • transition to the Virtual Machines details page;
  • delete unnecessary Virtual Machines.

Create Linux Virtual Machine

To create a new Linux VM do the next:

  • go to the Virtual Machines page and click on the CREATE VM icon in the upper left corner:

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  • on the next opened Create Virtual Machine window specify:
    • Name: in this field you set a name for the VM, it can contain only Latin letters (a-z, A-Z), digits (0-9), hyphen (-), underscore (_) and must be at most 255 characters long;
    • Flavor: in this field you select the size for this new VM;
    • Image: here you select one of the available Linux images that will be used to create this VM;
    • Key pair: in this last field you need to select the SSH Key that was previously created on the SSH Keys page or create a new one, which you will use to connect to this VM;
    • Networks: here you can choose one or more networks;
    • Firewalls: in this field you can choose what collection of network access rules will control the traffic to this VM;
      to connect to the selected Virtual Machine remotely via SSH you need to add an additional Firewall with a rule that will allow incoming traffic to TCP port 22 (like shown below) - to find additional information about this please see the article Connect to the Linux VM via SSH;
      vm17
    • Volume size (GB): here you provide the preferred disk size for this Instance, it can be specified in the range from 10 GB to 1000 GB. Minimal available size 10 GB is selected by default when you opens create window; and also just below this field you can make a mark for auto-deleting volume when the VM is terminated;   

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After fields were specified, click on the CREATE icon and the newly created Linux VM will be added to the Virtual Machine page with the status ACTIVE:

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Create Windows Virtual Machine

To create a new Windows VM do the next:

  • go to the Virtual Machines page and click on the CREATE VM icon in the upper left corner:

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  • on the next opened Create Virtual Machine window specify:
    • Name: in this field you set a name for the VM, it can contain only Latin letters (a-z, A-Z), digits (0-9), hyphen (-), underscore (_) and must be at most 255 characters long;
    • Flavor: in this field you select the size for this new VM (the smallest flavor for the Windows VMs is VC2);
    • Image: here you select one of the available Windows images that will be used to create this VM;
    • Password: here you need to come up with the root password (it must contain at least one Latin letter in upper case (A-Z), one Latin letter in lower case (a-z), digit (0-9) and special character ( !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[]^_`{|}~) and must be at least 8 characters long);
    • Confirm password;
    • Networks: here you can choose one or more networks;
    • Firewalls: in this field you can choose what collection of network access rules will control the traffic to this VM;
      to connect to the selected Virtual Machine remotely via RDP you need to add an additional Firewall with a rule that will allow incoming traffic to TCP port 54000 like shown below - to find additional information about this please see the article Connect to the Windows VM via RDP;
      vm14
    • Volume size (GB): here you provide the preferred disk size for this VM, it can be specified in the range from 10 GB to 1000 GB. Minimal available size 10 GB is selected by default when you opens create window; and also just below this field you can make a mark for auto-deleting volume when the VM is terminated;   

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After fields were specified, click on the CREATE icon and the newly created WindowsVM will be added to the Virtual Machine page with the status ACTIVE:

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Download RDP File

To download RDP for the remote connection to the Windows Virtual Machine you need:

  • identify Windows Virtual Machine for what  you want to download RDP file on the Virtual Machines page;
  • click on the Actions icon  ssh9  and select the Download RDP file in the list of available options;
After these steps, the RDP File of the selected Windows Virtual Machine will be downloaded: 

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Edit a Virtual Machine

To edit a Virtual Machine you need:

  • identify Virtual Machine you want to edit on the Virtual Machines page;
  • click on the Actions icon  ssh9  and select the Edit in the list of available options;
  • on the next opened Edit Virtual Machines window, update the Virtual Machine Name and click on the SAVE  icon:

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After these steps, the selected Virtual Machine will be updated.

Resize a Virtual Machine

To resize a Virtual Machine you need:

  • identify Virtual Machine you want to resize on the Virtual Machines page;
  • click on the Actions icon  ssh9  and select the Resize in the list of available options;
  • on the next opened Resize Virtual Machines window, choose new flavor for the Virtual Machine and click on the SAVE  icon:

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After these steps, the selected Virtual Machine will be updated.

Delete a Virtual Machine

You have to ways to remove a Virtual Machine:

1. Through the Virtual Machines page:
  • to identify this unnecessary Virtual Machine on the Virtual Machines page;
  • click on the Actions icon  ssh9  and select the Delete in the list of available options;
  • on the next opened Confirmation window confirm the Virtual Machine deletion:

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After these steps, the selected Virtual Machine will be deleted.

2. Through the Virtual Machines details page:

  • open the Virtual Machine details page;
  • on the panel with available quick actions click on the icon for Delete vm13

It also will open a confirmation window where you need to confirm VM deletion and after this confirming, the selected Virtual Machine will be deleted.

Virtual Machine details page

To open the Virtual Machine details page you need to click on the Name of the corresponding Virtual Machine:

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This action will redirect you to the Virtual Machine details page, where you can find:

  • VM details area:
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    • Name - shows the name of selected VM;
    • IP - shows the public IP of the selected VM;
    • Region - shows which region the selected VM belong to;
    • State - shows the selected VM state;
    • Memory -  shows VM memory;
    • CPU - shows the number of virtual CPUs of the VM;
    • OS Disk - shows disc size for this VM.
  • panel with available quick actions:
    vm9
    • Start - by selecting this option, you can start your VM again if it was stopped;
    • Reboot - this option reboot power cycles the VM;
    • Stop - by selecting this option you can stop the VM;
    • Edit - by selecting this option you can change the VM name;
    • Delete - this last available option is for removing VM:
    • Additional Actions:
      • Resize - by selecting this option you can change the VM flavor;
      • Download RDP File - by selecting this option you can download RDP file for the Windows VM;
  • transition to the SNAPSHOTS, VOLUMES and NETWORKS & SECURITY pages related to this VM:
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    • SNAPSHOTS TAB - opens the Snapshots page where you can find all available snapshots of corresponding VM, and also manage this snapshots (to find additional information about snapshots use the article Snapshots)
    • VOLUMES TAB - opens the Volumes page where you can find all attached volumes of corresponding VM, and also attache new one and manage this volumes (to find additional information about volumes use the article Volumes)
    • NETWORKS & SECURITY TAB - opens the Networks & Security page where you can find all available Interfaces and Security Groups (Firewalls) of corresponding VM, and also add new Interface or/and Firewall and manage this services (to find additional information about Networks and Security use the articles Networks and Subnets and Firewalls and Firewall Rules)

So, from this page you can:

  • review information about selected VM;
  • start selected VM again if it was stopped;
  • reboot power cycles the VM;
  • stop the selected VM;
  • edit the selected VM (change the VM name);
  • delete selected VM;
  • resize selected VM;
  • download RDP file for the selected Windows VM;
  • transition to related to the selected VM Snapshots page;
  • transition to related to the selected VM Volumes page;
  • transition to related to the selected VM the Networks & Security page.